Bachelor of Arts in Africana Studies

Students majoring in Africana Studies are required to complete a program consisting of core courses and electives with emphases in the areas of the humanities and behavioral and social sciences. The core courses (30 units) provide students with an appreciation of the historical development and intellectual foundation of the discipline as well as the critical knowledge base, intellectual skills, and methodological techniques essential to the field of Africana Studies. The courses offered in the emphases (9 units each) allow the student to gain a deeper intellectual grasp of the field within one of two important emphases. The five emphases are Africana Humanities, Africana Behavioral and Social Sciences Africana Educational Studies and Technology, Elijah Muhammad Studies, and Gender and Sexual Studies.

Program Learning Outcomes

  • Facilitates student analysis and knowledge of the conceptual approaches and tools of inquiry best suited to explore, explain, describe, and advance the lived experience(s) of Africana peoples;
  • Conduct critical, scientific research on issues of relevance to Africana peoples;
  • Creatively and critically evaluate issues that Africana-identified people experience in unique and common ways;
  • Apply, analyze, and encourage teachers’, students’ and alumni sharing of Africana Studies’ curricular outcomes, knowledge and research with community stakeholders, organizations as well as actively engage in service learning projects;
  • Synthesize a core curriculum concerning how people of African descent have demonstrated resilience: consciously shaping and reshaping their environments over time and in the present, while meeting challenges, achieving goals, and resisting oppression;
  • Demonstrate and evaluate specialized learning and competencies necessary in professions in which they will encounter people of African descent;
  • Analyze the diversities of Black experiences as a window to fully comprehend the American experience, and thus, the human experience.

Africana Studies (B.A.) — 42 units

The Bachelor of Arts in Africana Studies includes core courses (30 units), an area of emphasis (9 units), and a GWAR course (3 units).

Core Requirements (30 units)

AFRS 101Introduction to Africana Studies3
AFRS 120Communicating Realness: Minding the Gap3
AFRS 200Introduction to Black Psychology3
AFRS 210Introduction to Africana Literature3
AFRS 266Black Online: Cyberspace, Culture, and Community3
AFRS 303African American History3
AFRS 355The Nation of Islam in America3
AFRS 370Health, Medicine, and Nutrition in the Black Community3
AFRS 466Black Lives Matter: Race and Social Movements3
AFRS 516Research Methods3

Areas of Emphasis (9 units)

Select 9 units on advisement from one area below to gain a deeper intellectual grasp of the field.

Africana Humanities Emphasis

AFRS 201Kemet, Afrocentricity, and the Dawn of Science3
AFRS 204Black Creative Arts3
AFRS 208Introduction to African American History3
AFRS 213Science and Spirituality in Ancient Africa3
AFRS 221African American Music: A 20th Century Survey3
AFRS 230African American Gospel Workshop3
AFRS 302Black Diaspora3
AFRS 305Ancient Egypt3
AFRS 326Black Religion3
AFRS 400Black Arts and Humanities3
AFRS 411African and African American Literature3
AFRS 551Applied Africana Studies3
AFRS 525Black Child Development3
AFRS 665Black Journalism3

Africana Behavioral and Social Sciences Emphasis

AFRS 100General Studies Colloquium3
AFRS 111Black Cultures and Personalities3
AFRS 125Black Community Involvement Workshop3
AFRS 202Black Men's Studies3
AFRS 215Introduction to Black Family Studies3
AFRS 256Hip Hop Workshop3
AFRS 290Malcolm X in the Context of Black Nationalism3
AFRS 320Black Politics, Mass Movements, and Liberation Themes3
AFRS 335The Black Woman: A Cultural Analysis3
AFRS/AIS 350/LTNS 355Black Indians in the Americas3
AFRS 370Health, Medicine, and Nutrition in the Black Community3
AFRS 376Government, the Constitution, and Black Citizens3
AFRS 401Pan African Black Psychology: A North American, South American, and Caribbean Comparison3
AFRS 500The Life and Thought of Elijah Muhammad3
AFRS 646Frantz Fanon's Psychology of Violence, Negation, and Liberation3
AFRS 678Urban Issues of Black Children and Youth3
AFRS 705Seminar in Africana Studies3

Africana Educational Studies and Technology Emphasis

AFRS 205Black Youth Development, Youth Activism, and Digital Media Literacy3
AFRS 233Critical Race Theory & Critical Black Consciousness3
AFRS 266Black Online: Cyberspace, Culture, and Community3
AFRS 370Health, Medicine, and Nutrition in the Black Community3
AFRS 466Black Lives Matter: Race and Social Movements3
AFRS 525Black Child Development3
AFRS 678Urban Issues of Black Children and Youth3

Elijah Muhammad Studies Emphasis

AFRS 290Malcolm X in the Context of Black Nationalism3
AFRS 326Black Religion3
AFRS 500The Life and Thought of Elijah Muhammad3

Gender and Sexuality Studies Emphasis

AFRS 202Black Men's Studies3
AFRS 335The Black Woman: A Cultural Analysis3
AFRS 675Variable Topics in Africana Studies3

Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement (3 units)

ETHS 300GWWriting in Ethnic Studies - GWAR3

Note: A minimum of 30 upper-division units must be completed for the degree (including upper-division units required for the major, general education, electives, etc.). A student can complete this major yet not attain the necessary number of upper-division units required for graduation. In this case, additional upper-division courses will be needed to reach the required total.

Complementary Studies

Students completing a Bachelor of Arts in Africana Studies must complete twelve units in complementary studies in courses bearing a prefix other than AFRS or courses cross-listed with AFRS. These units may be in

  1. a language other than English;
  2. one course from each AA S, AIS, LTNS, and RRS;
  3. four courses from one prefix: AA S or AIS or LTNS or RRS;
  4. a minor or certificate;
  5. units earned in a study abroad program; or
  6. a coherent group of courses complementary to the major.

With the approval of an advisor in the major, courses which fulfill the complementary studies requirement may be lower or upper-division units, resident or transfer units.

General Education Requirements

Requirement Course Level Units Area Designation
Oral Communication LD 3 A1
Written English Communication LD 3 A2
Critical Thinking LD 3 A3
Physical Science LD 3 B1
Life Science LD 3 B2
Lab Science LD 1 B3
Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning LD 3 B4
Arts LD 3 C1
Humanities LD 3 C2
Arts or Humanities LD 3 C1 or C2
Social Sciences LD 3 D1
Social Sciences: US History LD 3 D2
Lifelong Learning and Self-Development (LLD) LD 3 E
Ethnic Studies LD 3 F
Physical and/or Life Science UD 3 UD-B
Arts and/or Humanities UD 3 UD-C
Social Sciences UD 3 UD-D
SF State Studies
Courses certified as meeting the SF State Studies requirements may be upper or lower division in General Education (GE), a major or minor, or an elective.
American Ethnic and Racial Minorities LD or UD 3 AERM
Environmental Sustainability LD or UD 3 ES
Global Perspectives LD or UD 3 GP
Social Justice LD or UD 3 SJ

Note: LD = Lower-Division; UD = Upper-Division.

First-Time Student Roadmap (4 Year)

  1. The roadmaps presented in this Bulletin are intended as suggested plans of study and do not replace meeting with an advisor. For a more personalized roadmap, please use the Degree Planner tool found in your Student Center.
  2. In order to choose your English Composition A2 course and your QR/Math B4 course, please complete the online advising activities at and Questions? Contact Gator Smart Start.

First-Time Student Roadmap

SF State Scholars

The San Francisco State Scholars program provides undergraduate students with an accelerated pathway to a graduate degree. Students in this program pursue a bachelor’s and master’s degree simultaneously. This program allows students to earn graduate credit while in their junior and/or senior year, reducing the number of semesters required for completion of a master’s degree.

SF State Scholars Roadmap

Transfer Student Roadmap (2 Year)

For students with an AA-T in Social Justice Studies.

SJS ADT Roadmap

This degree program is an approved pathway (“similar” major) for students earning the ADT in Social Justice Studies

California legislation SB 1440 (2009) mandated the creation of the Associate Degree for Transfer (ADT) to be awarded by the California Community Colleges. Two types of ADTs are awarded: Associate in Arts for Transfer (AA-T) and Associate in Science for Transfer (AS-T). 

Note: no specific degree is required for admission as an upper-division student. However, the ADT includes specific guarantees related to admission and graduation and is designed to clarify the transfer process and strengthen lower-division preparation for the major.

An ADT totals 60 units and in most cases includes completion of all lower-division General Education requirements and at least 18 units in a specific major. (The Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Science AS-T degrees defer 3 units in lower-division GE area C and 3 units in lower-division GE area D until after transfer.) Students pursuing an ADT are guaranteed admission to the CSU if minimum eligibility requirements are met, though not necessarily to the CSU campus of primary choice.

Upon verification that the ADT has been awarded prior to matriculation at SF State, students are guaranteed B.A. or B.S. completion in 60 units if pursuing a “similar” major after transfer. Determinations about “similar” majors at SF State are made by faculty in the discipline.

Degree completion in 60 units cannot be guaranteed when a student simultaneously pursues an additional major, a minor, certificate, or credential.

A sample advising roadmap for students who have earned an ADT and continue in a "similar" major at SF State is available on the Roadmaps tab on the degree requirements page for the major. The roadmap displays:

  • How many lower-division units required for the major have been completed upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
  • Which lower-division requirements are considered complete upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
  • How to complete the remaining 60 units for the degree in four semesters.

Students who have earned an ADT should seek advising in the major department during the first semester of attendance.

General Advising Information for Transfer Students

  1. Before transfer, complete as many lower-division requirements or electives for this major as possible.
  2. The following courses are not required for admission but are required for graduation. Students are strongly encouraged to complete these units before transfer; doing so will provide more flexibility in course selection after transfer.
    • a course in U.S. History
    • a course in U.S. & California Government

For information about satisfying the requirements described in (1) and (2) above at a California Community College (CCC), please visit Check any geographically accessible CCCs; sometimes options include more than one college. Use ASSIST to determine:

  • Which courses at a CCC satisfy any lower-division major requirements for this major;
  • Which courses at a CCC satisfy CSU GE, US History, and US & CA Government requirements.

Remedial courses are not transferable and do not apply to the minimum 60 semester units/90 quarter units required for admission.

Additional units for courses that are repeated do not apply to the minimum 60 units required for upper-division transfer (for example, if a course was not passed on the first attempt or was taken to earn a better grade).

Before leaving the last California Community College of attendance, obtain a summary of completion of lower-division General Education units (IGETC or CSU GE Breadth). This is often referred to as a GE certification worksheet. SF State does not require delivery of this certification to Admissions, but students should retain this document for verifying degree progress after transfer.

Credit for Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or College-Level Examination Program courses: AP/IB/CLEP credit is not automatically transferred from the previous institution. Units are transferred only when an official score report is delivered to SF State. Credit is based on the academic year during which exams were taken. Refer to the University Bulletin in effect during the year of AP/IB/CLEP examination(s) for details regarding the award of credit for AP/IB/CLEP.

Students pursuing majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines often defer 6-9 units of lower-division General Education in Areas C and D until after transfer to focus on preparation courses for the major. This advice does not apply to students pursuing associate degree completion before transfer.

Transferring From Institutions Other Than CCCs or CSUs

Review SF State's lower-division General Education requirements. Note that, as described below, the four basic skills courses required for admission meet A1, A2, A3, and B4 in the SF State GE pattern. Courses that fulfill the remaining areas of SF State’s lower-division GE pattern are available at most two-year and four-year colleges and universities.

Of the four required basic skills courses, a course in critical thinking (A3) may not be widely offered outside the CCC and CSU systems. Students should attempt to identify and take an appropriate course no later than the term of application to the CSU. To review more information about the A3 requirement, please visit

Waiting until after transfer to take a single course at SF State that meets both US and CA/local government requirements may be an appropriate option, particularly if transferring from outside of California.