Bachelor of Arts in Sociology
Students interested in applying to the Sociology major are advised to complete GE Area A2 and one sociology course, earning grades of C or higher. Students new to SF State should follow the online application process and indicate Sociology as their choice of major.
Students are typically unable to enroll in SOC 300GW until the second semester of their junior year.
All courses numbered 300 and above require upper-division standing and completion of GE Areas A and B4 or equivalent. SOC 370, SOC 371, and SOC 392 require passing SOC 300GW. In order to take the final two core courses, SOC 393 or SOC 394 and the capstone, students must first complete SOC 300GW, SOC 370 or SOC 371, and SOC 392. Students are allowed to take one course toward the major as credit/no credit (CR/NC). This course cannot be used as one of the required courses or to satisfy Areas 1 and 2. Students are also allowed to count 3-4 upper-division units outside sociology toward the major upon approval of a departmental advisor. A total of 12 lower-division units, including SOC 105, SOC 110, SOC 200, SOC 245, and those courses completed at community colleges, automatically apply toward the 23-24 units of electives required for the degree.
A total of 30 sociology units must be upper-division. University regulation requires 12 units toward the major must be completed in residence. It is strongly recommended that all 19 units of core courses are completed at SF State. Exemptions need to be approved by a Sociology faculty advisor and the department chair.
Please note that the department strongly encourages students to meet with an advisor early during their first semester at SF State, regardless of academic rank. All students should meet with a sociology advisor at least once by the time they have completed SOC 300GW.
Program Learning Outcomes
- Understand and identify the social origins and context of diverse individual and group experiences.
- Apply key concepts of sociological inquiry in social analysis. For some given social phenomenon, students will be able to:
- Construct a reasoned argument based on a theoretical perspective.
- Articulate the broader theoretical perspective, the social origins, and limitations of that perspective, as well as alternative perspectives.
- Utilize this theoretical perspective to illuminate the social arrangements and lived experiences of people.
- Collect and analyze information, including empirical data, and develop appropriate interpretations directly from the analysis. Students will be able to:
- Conduct a literature review of relevant information.
- Construct an appropriate research design taking into account the research question, previous research, methodological concerns, and material constraints.
- Articulate clearly their research methods, their findings, and the conclusions drawn from those findings
- Ability to identify and discuss fundamental social processes contributing to and the consequences of social inequality in the United States.
- Ability to identify and discuss fundamental social processes contributing to and the consequences of social inequality worldwide.
Sociology (B.A.) — 42–43 units
Required Courses (19 units)
|SOC 300GW||Sociological Analysis - GWAR||4|
|SOC 370||Classical Theories of Society||4|
|or SOC 371||Contemporary Theories of Society|
|SOC 392||Introduction to Research Methods||4|
|SOC 393||Quantitative Analysis of Social Data||4|
|or SOC 394||Sociological Field Methods|
|Internship: Applied Sociology|
and Internship Seminar: Applied Sociology
|Research Internship Seminar|
and Research Internship Experience
Electives (23–24 units)
In fulfilling the elective requirements students must complete at least one course from each of the following two areas1
Area 1: Inequalities in the United States
|RRS/SOC 330||Comparative Race and Ethnicity in the U.S.: Class, Gender, and Nation (AERM)(SJ)||3|
|SOC 272||Social Inequality: Poverty, Wealth, and Privilege||4|
|SOC 362||The Social Construction of Deviance and Conformity||4|
|SXS 400/PSY 450/SOC 400||Variations in Human Sexuality (SJ)||3|
|SOC 455||Punishment and Social Control||3|
|SOC 467/SXS 667||Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Cultures and Society||4|
|SOC 469||Gender and Society||4|
|SOC 490||Sociology of Popular Culture||3|
|SOC 491/AIS 490/ANTH 490||Ancestors or Data? Culture, Conflict, and NAGPRA||3|
Area 2: Global Inequalities
|SOC 461||Ethnic Relations: International Comparisons||4|
|SOC 471||Societal Change and Development||4|
|SOC 477||Environmental Sociology||3|
|SOC 480/USP 470||City in a Global Society||4|
|SOC 482||Global Immigration and Immigrants||3|
|SOC 483||Global Sociology||4|
|SOC 484||Population and Social Dynamics||4|
|SOC 645||Sociology of Latin America||3|
The remaining units may include additional courses from these areas, 3-4 upper-division units outside sociology upon approval of a sociology advisor and any other course with a sociology prefix including SOC 105, SOC 110, SOC 200, SOC 245 and courses taken at other institutions. A maximum of 12 units may be transferred from other institutions.
Note: A minimum of 30 upper-division units must be completed for the degree (including upper-division units required for the major, general education, electives, etc.). A student can complete this major yet not attain the necessary number of upper-division units required for graduation. In this case, additional upper-division courses will be needed to reach the required total.
The department strongly encourages students interested in pursuing an M.A. or Ph.D. in sociology to take both SOC 370 and SOC 371 and all three methods courses (SOC 392, SOC 393, and SOC 394).
Bachelor of Arts students must complete at least 12 units of Complementary Studies outside of the primary prefix for the major. (Note: Students may not use an alternate prefix that is cross-listed with the primary prefix for the major.)
There are multiple options for Sociology majors to complete the Complementary Studies (CS) requirement. Sociology majors may mix and match between the following categories – minor courses, Ethnic Studies courses, and language courses.
Students who complete two majors or a major and a minor automatically complete the complementary studies requirement. Additional ways to complete complementary studies for students in the sociology major:
- Option 1: 12 units of courses in departments or programs in the College of Ethnic Studies that are not cross-listed with SOC.
- Option 2: Partial completion of any minor degree program approved by a sociology advisor
- Option 3: 12 units of a single foreign language
Students who have earned AA-T or AS-T degrees and are pursuing a similar B.A. degree at SF State are required to fulfill the Complementary Studies requirement as defined by the major department. Students should consult with a major advisor about how transfer units and/or SF State units can best be applied to this requirement to ensure degree completion within 60 units.
General Education Requirements
|Requirement||Course Level||Units||Area Designation|
|Written English Communication||LD||3||A2|
|Arts or Humanities||LD||3||C1 or C2|
|Social Sciences: US History||LD||3||D2|
|Lifelong Learning and Self-Development (LLD)||LD||3||E|
|Physical and/or Life Science||UD||3||UD-B|
|Arts and/or Humanities||UD||3||UD-C|
|SF State Studies|
|Courses certified as meeting the SF State Studies requirements may be upper or lower division in General Education (GE), a major or minor, or an elective.|
|American Ethnic and Racial Minorities||LD or UD||3||AERM|
|Environmental Sustainability||LD or UD||3||ES|
|Global Perspectives||LD or UD||3||GP|
|Social Justice||LD or UD||3||SJ|
Note: LD = Lower-Division; UD = Upper-Division.
First-Time Student Roadmap (4 Year)
- In order to choose your English Composition A2 course and your QR/Math B4 course, please complete the online advising activities at writingadvising.sfsu.edu and mathadvising.sfsu.edu. Questions? Contact Gator Smart Start.
- Select the row that matches your English course choice for A2.*
- Select the column that matches your QR/Math course choice for B4.
- Click the Roadmap that lines up with your row and column.
For example, if you select ENG 104/ENG 105 and a multi-semester QR/math sequence for your first year, then choose Roadmap D.
|Course Choice||One-Semester Course||Two-Semester Sequence or Support Course|
|ENG 114||Roadmap A||Roadmap C|
|ENG 104/ENG 105||Roadmap B||Roadmap D|
* Composition for Multilingual Students: If taking ENG 209 as your first English course, choose the ENG 114 row. If taking ENG 201 or ENG 212 for your first English course, choose the ENG 104/ENG 105 row.
SF State Scholar Roadmap
The San Francisco State Scholars program provides undergraduate students with an accelerated pathway to a graduate degree. Students in this program pursue a bachelor’s and master’s degree simultaneously. This program allows students to earn graduate credit while in their junior and/or senior year, reducing the number of semesters required for completion of a master’s degree.
This roadmap opens in a new tab.
Transfer Student Roadmap (2 Year)
For students with an AA-T in Sociology. This roadmap opens in a new tab..
This degree program is an approved pathway (“similar” major) for students earning the ADT in Sociology
California legislation SB 1440 (2009) mandated the creation of the Associate Degree for Transfer (ADT) to be awarded by the California Community Colleges. Two types of ADTs are awarded: Associate in Arts for Transfer (AA-T) and Associate in Science for Transfer (AS-T).
Note: no specific degree is required for admission as an upper-division student. However, the ADT includes specific guarantees related to admission and graduation and is designed to clarify the transfer process and strengthen lower-division preparation for the major.
An ADT totals 60 units and in most cases includes completion of all lower-division General Education requirements and at least 18 units in a specific major. (The Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Science AS-T degrees defer 3 units in lower-division GE area C and 3 units in lower-division GE area D until after transfer.) Students pursuing an ADT are guaranteed admission to the CSU if minimum eligibility requirements are met, though not necessarily to the CSU campus of primary choice.
Upon verification that the ADT has been awarded prior to matriculation at SF State, students are guaranteed B.A. or B.S. completion in 60 units if pursuing a “similar” major after transfer. Determinations about “similar” majors at SF State are made by faculty in the discipline.
Degree completion in 60 units cannot be guaranteed when a student simultaneously pursues an additional major, a minor, certificate, or credential.
A sample advising roadmap for students who have earned an ADT and continue in a "similar" major at SF State is available on the Roadmaps tab on the degree requirements page for the major. The roadmap displays:
- How many lower-division units required for the major have been completed upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
- Which lower-division requirements are considered complete upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
- How to complete the remaining 60 units for the degree in four semesters.
Students who have earned an ADT should seek advising in the major department during the first semester of attendance.
General Advising Information for Transfer Students
- Before transfer, complete as many lower-division requirements or electives for this major as possible.
- The following courses are not required for admission but are required for graduation. Students are strongly encouraged to complete these units before transfer; doing so will provide more flexibility in course selection after transfer.
- a course in U.S. History
- a course in U.S. & California Government
For information about satisfying the requirements described in (1) and (2) above at a California Community College (CCC), please visit http://www.assist.org. Check any geographically accessible CCCs; sometimes options include more than one college. Use ASSIST to determine:
- Which courses at a CCC satisfy any lower-division major requirements for this major;
- Which courses at a CCC satisfy CSU GE, US History, and US & CA Government requirements.
Remedial courses are not transferable and do not apply to the minimum 60 semester units/90 quarter units required for admission.
Additional units for courses that are repeated do not apply to the minimum 60 units required for upper-division transfer (for example, if a course was not passed on the first attempt or was taken to earn a better grade).
Before leaving the last California Community College of attendance, obtain a summary of completion of lower-division General Education units (IGETC or CSU GE Breadth). This is often referred to as a GE certification worksheet. SF State does not require delivery of this certification to Admissions, but students should retain this document for verifying degree progress after transfer.
Credit for Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or College-Level Examination Program courses: AP/IB/CLEP credit is not automatically transferred from the previous institution. Units are transferred only when an official score report is delivered to SF State. Credit is based on the academic year during which exams were taken. Refer to the University Bulletin in effect during the year of AP/IB/CLEP examination(s) for details regarding the award of credit for AP/IB/CLEP.
Students pursuing majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines often defer 6-9 units of lower-division General Education in Areas C and D until after transfer to focus on preparation courses for the major. This advice does not apply to students pursuing associate degree completion before transfer.
Transferring From Institutions Other Than CCCs or CSUs
Review SF State's lower-division General Education requirements. Note that, as described below, the four basic skills courses required for admission meet A1, A2, A3, and B4 in the SF State GE pattern. Courses that fulfill the remaining areas of SF State’s lower-division GE pattern are available at most two-year and four-year colleges and universities.
Of the four required basic skills courses, a course in critical thinking (A3) may not be widely offered outside the CCC and CSU systems. Students should attempt to identify and take an appropriate course no later than the term of application to the CSU. To review more information about the A3 requirement, please visit bulletin.sfsu.edu/undergraduate-education/general-education/lower-division/#AAEL.
Waiting until after transfer to take a single course at SF State that meets both US and CA/local government requirements may be an appropriate option, particularly if transferring from outside of California.