Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies
The Liberal Studies (LS) major has a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary curriculum that encompasses many areas of knowledge in the arts and sciences. The program consists of innovative courses in the areas of literature; communication; performance; education; environmental studies; science and technology studies; social sciences, humanities, the creative arts, and medical anthropology. This richly diversified major gives students skills and knowledge that will serve them well for work and life in our increasingly complex and interconnected world. Its well-rounded curriculum provides robust preparation for future teachers, and the LS major is specifically recommended as a pathway for students who want to become elementary school teachers.
Our graduates have also pursued advanced degrees in counseling, education, public health, gerontology, law, health fields, environmental studies, mathematics, English, psychology, film studies, library science, theology, and more. Many of our alumni work in public service, resource policy, technology and innovation, library studies, creativity and communication, social media, education, health, and criminal justice fields.
The elementary subject matter emphasis provides the broad academic background necessary for teaching in an elementary classroom and, when completed along with a set of additional courses, allows future teachers to waive the CSET exam.
Program Learning Outcomes
- Reflect critically on students' education and their program of study.
- Recognize scholarship on which practice and knowledge in a discipline are based.
- Write critical and/or argument-based papers that can distinguish between different disciplinary methods and perspectives and potentially integrate them.
- Identify and utilize modes of inquiry within their major field or discipline and be able to compare and contrast these modes with those in other disciplines and fields.
- Analyze a complex issue, theme or problem by applying multiple perspectives, theories, concepts and modes of inquiry.
Liberal Studies (B.A.) — Minimum 42 units
Note: the courses that appear below are approved for the major. If approved courses are not offered, substitutions may be made on advisement. All units must be upper-division.
Required Core Courses (6 units)
Before beginning the core courses, students should have completed Written Communication II with a C- or better (or ENG 1B at a community college). LS 300GW introduces important concepts of interdisciplinary study and should be taken either before or concurrently with the Area Core Courses, usually no later than the junior year. Students are strongly encouraged to complete all Area Core Courses before taking LS 690, the culminating experience for the major, in the senior year.
|LS 200||Introduction to Liberal Studies: Self, Place, and Inquiry||3|
|LS 300GW||Perspectives on Liberal Studies - GWAR||3|
Literature (3 units)
Courses that count toward the ESMR (Elementary Subject Matter Requirements) are noted below. Select one:
|AA S 322||Chinese American Language and Literature||3|
|AA S 332||Japanese American Art and Literature||3|
|AA S 352||Filipina/o American Literature, Art, and Culture||3|
|AA S 372||Vietnamese American Literature||3|
|AA S 512||Asian American Children's/Adolescent Literature||3|
|AFRS 411||African and African American Literature||3|
|AFRS 645||Literature of the Harlem Renaissance||3|
|CWL 440||"Typical American": Narratives of Multiculturalism in the Americas from 1492 to the Present||3|
|CWL 450||Literary Crossings||3|
|E ED 681||Teaching Language and Literature with Elementary and Middle School Students (ESMR)||3|
|ENG 398/MGS 397||Greek American Literature||3|
|ENG/JS/CWL 451||Jewish Literature of the Americas||3|
|ENG 526||Age of the American Renaissance: 1830-1860||3|
|ENG 533||Holocaust and Literature||3|
|ENG 535||Literature and Ecology||3|
|ENG 546||20th Century American Jewish Women Writers||3|
|ENG 601||Literature and Psychology||3|
|ENG 602||Literature and Society||3|
|ENG 655||Literature and the Adolescent Reader||3|
|LTNS 560||Contemporary Latina/o Literature||3|
|RRS/ARAB 450||Contemporary Arabic and Arab American Literature||3|
|WGS 541||Women Writers and Social Change||3|
|WGS/SXS 551||Queer Literatures and Media||3|
Communication Studies (3-4 units)
Courses that count toward the ESMR are noted below. Select one:
|COMM 552||Performance and Feminism||4|
|COMM 553||Performance and Identity||4|
|COMM 554||Performance of Children's Literature (ESMR)||4|
|COMM 559||Theory and Practice in Advanced Public Speaking||4|
|LS 403/COMM 557||Performance and Pedagogy of the Oppressed for Educators||3|
Life and Physical Sciences (3 units)
Courses that count toward the ESMR are noted below. Select one:
|BIOL 300||Nature Study||3|
|BIOL 310||Biology for Today's World (ESMR)||3|
|BIOL 313||Principles of Ecology||3|
|BIOL 318||Our Endangered Planet||3|
|BIOL 327||AIDS: Biology of the Modern Epidemic||3|
|BIOL 330||Human Sexuality (BIOL 322 is not a substitute)||3|
|LS 209||Physical Sciences for Elementary School Teachers (ESMR)||3|
|LS 317||Critical Animal Studies||3|
|LS 430||Future of the Forests||3|
|LS 440||Mind, Body, and Culture||3|
|LS 310||Physics for Future Elementary School Teachers||3|
|ERTH 310||The Violent Earth (ESMR)||3|
|ERTH 325||Geology of the National Parks||3|
|ERTH 330||California Water||3|
|ERTH 335||Global Warming||3|
|ERTH 360||California Weather Events||3|
|ERTH 365||Extreme Weather in a Warming World (ESMR)||3|
Integrated Social Sciences (3 units)
|LS 400||Social Sciences Core I||3|
|LS 401||Social Sciences Core II||3|
|LS 403||Performance and Pedagogy of the Oppressed for Educators (if not selected for the Communications core requirement)||3|
Interdisciplinary Humanities (3 units)
|HUM 415||Contemporary Culture||3|
|HUM 425||Thought and Image: Humanities||3|
|HUM 510||Comparative Form and Culture||3|
Visual Studies (3 units)
|HUM 325||Comics and Culture||3|
|LS 426||Thought and Image: Creative Arts||3|
Culminating Experience (3 Units)
|LS 690||Liberal Studies Senior Seminar||3|
Electives (15 units)
Choose one of the following options, in consultation with an advisor:
A. Complete 15 units toward a minor. (In the case of a 12-unit minor, select one additional, related course, on advisement.)
B. Complete 15 units of additional courses drawn from the Elementary Subject Matter Requirements, on advisement.
All students completing a B.A. degree must satisfy the 12 unit Complementary Studies requirement. Students who complete the Liberal Studies major will automatically satisfy complementary studies with 12 units of courses outside of the Liberal Studies prefix (LS) and not cross-listed with LS. Students must consult with an advisor to identify the courses that will be used to satisfy the requirement.
Students who have earned AA-T or AS-T degrees and are pursuing a similar B.A. degree at SF State are required to fulfill the Complementary Studies requirement as defined by the major department. Students should consult with a major advisor about how transfer units and/or SF State units can best be applied to this requirement to ensure degree completion within 60 units.
Elementary Subject Matter Requirements (ESMR)
Students who intend to enter a multiple subjects credential program (to become Elementary School teachers) will have either to pass the CSET exam or successfully complete an Elementary Subject Matter Requirements program. The ESMR program includes 84 units of coursework distributed across the major and GE (both lower and upper division). Please consult with the LS advisor in selecting courses that are included in the ESMR program.
General Education Requirements
|Requirement||Course Level||Units||Area Designation|
|Written English Communication||LD||3||A2|
|Arts or Humanities||LD||3||C1 or C2|
|Social Sciences: US History||LD||3||D2|
|Social Sciences: US & CA Government||LD||3||D3|
|Lifelong Learning and Self-Development (LLD)||LD||3||E|
|Physical and/or Life Science||UD||3||UD-B|
|Arts and/or Humanities||UD||3||UD-C|
|SF State Studies|
|Courses certified as meeting the SF State Studies requirements may be upper or lower division in General Education (GE), a major or minor, or an elective.|
|American Ethnic and Racial Minorities||LD or UD||3||AERM|
|Environmental Sustainability||LD or UD||3||ES|
|Global Perspectives||LD or UD||3||GP|
|Social Justice||LD or UD||3||SJ|
Note: LD = Lower-Division; UD = Upper-Division.
First-Time Student Roadmap (4 Year)
Find the correct roadmap (A, B, C, or D):
- Select the row that matches your English Course choice for A2.*
- Select the column that matches your QR Category (found at your student center under Math Alert).
- Click the Roadmap that lines up with your row and column.
For example, if you are taking ENG 104 as your first English course and your student center math alert says you are QR Category III, you should choose Roadmap D.
|Pathway||QR Cat I/II||QR Cat III/IV|
|ENG 114||Roadmap A||Roadmap C|
|ENG 104/ENG 105||Roadmap B||Roadmap D|
Transfer Student Roadmap (2 Year)
For students with an AA-T in Elementary Teacher Education. This roadmap opens in a new tab.
This degree program is an approved pathway (“similar” major) for students earning the ADT in Elementary Teacher Education
California legislation SB 1440 (2009) mandated the creation of the Associate Degree for Transfer (ADT) to be awarded by the California Community Colleges. Two types of ADTs are awarded: Associate in Arts for Transfer (AA-T) and Associate in Science for Transfer (AS-T).
Note: no specific degree is required for admission as an upper-division student. However, the ADT includes specific guarantees related to admission and graduation and is designed to clarify the transfer process and strengthen lower-division preparation for the major.
An ADT totals 60 units and in most cases includes completion of all lower-division General Education requirements and at least 18 units in a specific major. (The Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Science AS-T degrees defer 3 units in lower-division GE area C and 3 units in lower division GE area D until after transfer.) Students pursuing an ADT are guaranteed admission to the CSU if minimum eligibility requirements are met, though not necessarily to the CSU campus of primary choice.
Upon verification that the ADT has been awarded prior to matriculation at SF State, students are guaranteed B.A. or B.S. completion in 60 units if pursuing a “similar” major after transfer. Determinations about “similar” majors at SF State are made by faculty in the discipline.
Degree completion in 60 units cannot be guaranteed when a student simultaneously pursues an additional major, a minor, certificate, or credential.
A sample advising roadmap for students who have earned an ADT and continue in a "similar" major at SF State is available on the Roadmaps tab on the degree requirements page for the major. The roadmap displays:
- How many lower-division units required for the major have been completed upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
- Which lower-division requirements are considered complete upon entry based on the award of a specific ADT;
- How to complete the remaining 60 units for the degree in four semesters.
Students who have earned an ADT should seek advising in the major department during the first semester of attendance.
General Advising Information for Transfer Students
- Before transfer, complete as many lower-division requirements or electives for this major as possible.
- The following courses are not required for admission but are required for graduation. Students are strongly encouraged to complete these units before transfer; doing so will provide more flexibility in course selection after transfer.
- a course in U.S. History
- a course in U.S. & California Government
For information about satisfying the requirements described in (1) and (2) above at a California Community College (CCC), please visit http://www.assist.org. Check any geographically accessible CCCs; sometimes options include more than one college. Use ASSIST to determine:
- Which courses at a CCC satisfy any lower-division major requirements for this major;
- Which courses at a CCC satisfy CSU GE, US History, and US & CA Government.
Remedial courses are not transferable and do not apply to the minimum 60 units/90 quarters required for admission.
Additional units for courses that are repeated do not apply to the minimum 60 units required for upper-division transfer (for example, if a course was not passed on the first attempt or was taken to earn a better grade).
Before leaving the last California Community College of attendance, obtain a summary of completion of lower-division General Education units (IGETC or CSU GE Breadth). This is often referred to as a GE certification worksheet. SF State does not require delivery of this certification to Admissions, but students should retain this document for verifying degree progress after transfer.
Credit for Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or College-Level Examination Program courses: AP/IB/CLEP credit is not automatically transferred from the previous institution. Units are transferred only when an official score report is delivered to SF State. Credit is based on the academic year during which exams were taken. Refer to the University Bulletin in effect during the year of AP/IB/CLEP examination(s) for details regarding the award of credit for AP/IB/CLEP.
Students pursuing majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines often defer 6-9 units of lower-division general education in Areas C and D until after transfer to focus on preparation courses for the major. This advice does not apply to students pursuing associate degree completion before transfer.
Transferring From Institutions Other Than CCCs or CSUs
Review SF State's lower-division General Education requirements. Note that, as described below, the four basic skills courses required for admission meet A1, A2, A3, and B4 in the SF State GE pattern. Courses that fulfill the remaining areas of SF State’s lower-division GE pattern are available at most two-year and four-year colleges and universities.
Of the four required basic skills courses, a course in critical thinking (GE A3) may not be widely offered outside the CCC and CSU systems. Students should attempt to identify and take an appropriate course no later than the term of application to the CSU. To review more information about the A3 requirement, please visit http://bulletin.sfsu.edu/undergraduate-education/general-education/lower-division/#AAEL.
Waiting until after transfer to take a single course at SF State that meets both US and CA/local government requirements may be an appropriate option, particularly if transferring from outside of California.
All Students Must Meet the Transfer Eligibility Requirements Outlined Below for Admission.
For more information, visit the Undergraduate Admissions section.
- Complete 60 or more transferable semester units or 90 or more quarter units
- Earn a college grade point average of 2.0 or better in all transferable courses. Non-local area residents may be held to a higher GPA standard.
- Be in good standing at the last college or university attended
- Complete 30-semester units (45-quarter units) of general education, including four basic skills courses:
- One course in oral communication (same as CSU GE Area A1)
- One course in written composition (same as CSU GE Area A2)
- One course in critical thinking (same as CSU GE Area A3)
- One course in mathematics or quantitative reasoning (same as CSU GE Area B4)
- The four basic skills courses and a minimum of 60 transferable semester units (90-quarter units) must be completed by the spring semester prior to fall admission, or by the fall semester prior to spring admission. Earn a "C-" or better grade in each basic skills course.