Bachelor of Arts in Child and Adolescent Development: Concentration in Youth Work and Out of School Time

This is an archived copy of the 2016-2017 bulletin. To access the most recent version of the bulletin, please visit Any changes will appear on our errata page.

Application Filing Period

Because of high student demand, CAD was declared an impacted major in Fall 2011. Therefore, CAD admits only upper division students to the major in fall and spring semesters. Transfer students who apply to the major must be accepted first by the University and second, by the CAD Department. Application to the University filing periods may be found here:

Current SF State students who wish to change their major to CAD for fall semesters should submit an application to the CAD department during the October 1 through November 30 application filing period. Students who wish to be considered for spring admission should apply between August 1-31. The department does not accept late applications for either fall or spring admissions.

The following requirements musts be met for acceptance into the major:

  • CAD 210 with grade of C or better
  • CAD 260 with a grade of C or better
  • ENG 214 with a C- or better
  • Minimum of 60 units completed

Community college equivalents are accepted if grade requirements are met and if the course was formally articulated at the time the student took the course. If all of these requirements are not met, the CAD admissions offer will be rescinded and students will be placed in their second choice major.

Course policies for the major

  • Courses in the major must be completed with a letter grade of C or better; CR/NC grading is not accepted except for CAD 601 and CAD 611.
  • Courses taken in the core may not be counted in a concentration or vice versa.

Concentration in Youth Work and Out of School Time

See general information for all Bachelor of Arts in Child and Adolescent Development candidates above.

The Youth Work and Out of School Time concentration prepares students to work primarily with school-age children and adolescents in out-of-school time programs. Such programs include afterschool programs, juvenile justice, recreation, residential treatment, social services, mental health, and public health.

Child and Adolescent Development Major (B.A.): ​Concentration in Youth Work and Out of School Time​ — 44 - 45 units

Core Requirements - 18 units

CAD 210Introduction to Applied Child and Adolescent Development3
CAD 260Children, Families, and Community: An Ecological Perspective3
CAD 410Applied Child and Youth Development3
Family Systems
CAD 450Understanding and working with Diverse Families3
or CAD 460 Globalization and Family Relations
CAD 500GWAction Research Methods in Child and Adolescent Development - GWAR3
Special Topics
CAD 625Children, Youth, and Public Policy3
or CAD 650 Child Advocacy

Concentration in Youth Work and Out of School Time — 26 - 27 units

Youth and Context
Select one of the following:
AFRS 678Urban Issues of Black Children and Youth3
C J 475Intervention Policies in Juvenile Justice3
C J 485Latina/o Youth, Crime, and Justice3
RRS 480Youth Culture, Race and Resistance3
SOC 452/C J 470Juvenile Justice4
Youth Development
CFS 321Adolescents and Families3
or PSY 430 Adolescent Psychology
Community Youth Development
CAD 400Community Youth Development3
Experiential Learning
CAD 430Experiential and Activity Based Learning Seminar 12
CAD 431Experiential and Activity Based Learning Practice 12
Special Topics
Select one of the following:
RPT 210Arts and Crafts for Leisure3
RPT 380Developmental Play Processes3
RPT 440Urban Recreation and Parks3
CAD 540Ethics and Principles in Serving Youth 23
Program Development and Evaluation
RPT 400Programming in Recreation, Parks, and Tourism3
Culminating Experience
CAD 630Youth Work and Out of School Time Internship Seminar 1,21
CAD 631Youth Work and Out of School Time Internship 1,23

Both courses are required and must be taken concurrently.


See CAD advisor about these courses.

Complementary Studies

To fulfill the Complementary Studies requirement, all students completing a B.A. Degree must take twelve units from courses outside of the primary prefix of their major and not cross-listed with the primary prefix for the major. This requirement is automatically fulfilled when completing an Child and Adolescent Development major, so no additional units beyond the major are required to fulfill the complementary studies requirement.

General Education Requirements

Requirement Course Level Units Area Designation
Oral Communication LD 3 A1
Written English Communication I LD 3 A2
Critical Thinking LD 3 A3
Written English Communication II LD 3 A4
Physical Science LD 3 B1
Life Science LD 3 B2
Lab Science LD 1 B3
Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning LD 3 B4
Arts LD 3 C1
Arts or Humanities LD 3 C1 or C2
Humanities: Literature LD 3 C3
Social Sciences LD 3 D1
Social Sciences: US History LD 3 D2
Social Sciences: US & CA Governement LD 3 D3
Lifelong Learning and Self-Development (LLD) LD or UD 3 E
Physical and/or Life Science UD 3 UD-B
Arts and/or Humanities UD 3 UD-C
Social Sciences UD 3 UD-D
SF State Studies
Courses certified as meeting the SF State Studies requirements may be upper or lower division in General Education (GE), in a major or minor, or may be an elective.
American Ethnic and Racial Minorities (AERM) LD or UD 3
Environmental Sustainability (ES) LD or UD 3
Global Perspectives (GP) LD or UD 3
Social Justice (SJ) LD or UD 3

Note: LD = lower division; UD = upper division.

First-Time Student Roadmap (4 year)

This 2016 - 2017 roadmap opens in a new tab.

Transfer Student Roadmaps (2 year)

For students with an Child and Adolescent Development Associate Degree for Transfer. This 2016 - 2017 roadmap opens in a new tab.

For students with an Early Childhood Education Associate Degree for Transfer. This 2016 - 2017 roadmap opens in a new tab.

This degree program is an approved pathway (“similar” major) for students earning the ADT in Child and Adolescent Development  or Early Childhood Education

California legislation SB 1440 (2009), mandated the creation of the Associate Degree for Transfer (ADT) to be awarded by the California Community Colleges. Two types of ADTs are awarded: Associate in Arts for Transfer (AA-T) and Associate in Science for Transfer (AS-T). Note: no specific degree is required for admission as an upper division student. However, the ADT includes specific guarantees related to admission and graduation, and is designed to clarify the transfer process and strengthen lower division preparation for the major.

An ADT totals sixty units and includes completion of all lower division GE and at least eighteen units in a specific major. Students pursuing an ADT are guaranteed admission to the CSU if minimum eligibility requirements are met, though not necessarily to the CSU campus of primary choice.

Upon verification that the ADT has been awarded prior to matriculation at SF State, students are guaranteed B.A. or B.S. completion in 60 units if pursuing a “similar” major after transfer. Determinations about “similar” majors at SF State are made by faculty in the discipline.

Degree completion in 60 units cannot be guaranteed when a student simultaneously pursues an additional major, a minor, certificate, or credential.

A sample advising roadmap for students who have earned an ADT and is continuing in this major at SF State is available on the Roadmaps tab and displays

  • How many lower division units required for the major have been completed upon entry based on award of a specific ADT;
  • Which lower division requirements are considered complete upon entry based on award of a specific ADT;
  • How to complete the remaining 60 units for the degree in four semesters.

Students who have earned an ADT should seek advising in the major department during the first semester of attendance.

General Advising Information for Transfer Students

  1. Before transfer, complete as many lower division requirements or electives for this major as possible.
  2. The following courses are not required for admission but are required for graduation. Students are strongly encouraged to complete these units before transfer; doing so will provide more flexibility in course selection after transfer.
    • a course in U.S. History
    • a course in U.S. & California government
    • a 2nd-semester course in written English composition

For information about satisfying the requirements described in (1) and (2) above at a California Community College (CCC), go to Check any geographically accessible CCCs; sometimes options include more than one college. Use ASSIST to determine

  • Which courses at a CCC satisfy any lower division major requirements for this major
  • Which courses at a CCC satisfy CSU GE, US History, and US & CA Government

Remedial courses are not transferable and do not apply to the minimum 60 units/90 quarters required for admission.

Additional units for courses that are repeated do not apply to the minimum 60 units required for upper division transfer (for example, if course was not passed on first attempt, or was taken to earn a better grade).

Before leaving the last California community college of attendance, obtain a summary of completion of lower division General Education units (IGETC or CSU GE Breadth). This is often referred to as a GE certification worksheet. SF State does not require delivery of this certification to Admissions, but students should retain this document for verifying degree progress after transfer.

Credit for Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, or College-Level Examination Program courses: AP/IB/CLEP credit is not automatically transferred from the previous institution. Units are transferred only when an official score report is delivered to SF State. Credit is based on the academic year during which exams were taken. Refer to the University Bulletin in effect during the year of AP/IB/CLEP examination(s) for details regarding award of credit for AP/IB/CLEP.

Students pursuing majors in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines often defer 6-9 units of lower division general education in areas C and D until after transfer in order to focus on preparation courses for the major. (This advice does not apply to students pursuing associate degree completion before transfer.)

Transferring from institutions other than CCCs or CSUs

Review SF State's lower division General Education requirements. As described above, the four basic skills courses required for admission meet A1, A2, A3 and B4 in the SF State GE pattern. Courses that fulfill the remaining areas of SF State’s lower division GE pattern are available at most two-year and four-year colleges and universities.

Of the four required basic skills courses, a course in critical thinking (GE A3) may not be widely offered outside the CCC and CSU systems. Students should attempt to identify and take an appropriate course no later than the term of application to the CSU. Review more information about the A3 requirement here.

Identify and complete a 2nd-semester written English composition course before transfer. This is usually the next course after the typical “freshman comp” course, with a focus on writing, reading and critical analytical skills for academic purposes, and developing skills in composing, revising, and the use of rhetorical strategies.

Waiting until after transfer to take a single course at SF State that meets both US and CA/local government requirements may be an appropriate option, particularly if transferring from outside of California.

All students must meet the transfer eligibility requirements outlines below for admission. For more information, visit the Undergraduate Admissions section.

  • Complete 60 or more transferable semester units or 90 or more quarter units
  • Earn a college grade point average of 2.00 or better in all transferable courses. Non-local area residents may be held to a higher GPA standard.
  • Be in good standing at the last college or university attended
  • Complete 30 semester units (45 quarter units) of general education, including four basic skills courses:
    1. One course in oral communication (same as CSU GE area A1)
    2. One course in written composition (same as CSU GE area A2)
    3. One course in critical thinking (same as CSU GE area A3)
    4. One course in mathematics or quantitative reasoning, with intermediate algebra as a prerequisite (same as CSU GE area B4)
  • The four basic skills courses and minimum of 60 transferable semester units (90 quarter units) must be completed by the spring semester prior to fall admission, or by the fall semester prior to spring admission. Earn a "C" or better grade in each basic skills course.